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Measurement and Conversion Charts

posted in Measuring, Reference Charts by Kathy Maister

Just a quick note before you begin reading about measuring….

My sister, Marie Woolf, just published this fantastic new book called  “Tess’s Saving Grace”.

“Tess, a famous rock star, leads a wild and crazy life. Everyone is shocked when she decides to have a baby but refuses to identify the father. Her daughter Grace manages to grow and thrive in the chaos of her mother’s rock ’n’ roll lifestyle. But, as a teenager, she longs for a “normal” life with friends her own age. When she talks her mother into letting her go—under a fictitious name—to an elite boarding school, Grace discovers a number of things about her mom—and herself—that she never expected.”   (Available at

This book is a quick and delightful read that makes you laugh and cry and laugh again!




Americans typically measure ingredients by volume, while just about everyone else measures them by weight. Here is a quick summery of some of the basic cooking conversions. At the end of this post there are links to food specific online conversion calculators.

This post contains ratios for
a) US Dry Volume Measurements
b) US Liquid Volume Measurements
c) Converting US Measurements to Metric
d) Converting Metric Measurements to US
e) Oven Temperature Conversions
f) Ratios for selected foods
g) Measures for pans and dishes

Measurements Conversion Chart

US Dry Volume Measurements
1/16 teaspoon dash
1/8 teaspoon a pinch
3 teaspoons 1 Tablespoon
1/8 cup 2 tablespoons (= 1 standard coffee scoop)
1/4 cup 4 Tablespoons
1/3 cup 5 Tablespoons plus 1 teaspoon
1/2 cup 8 Tablespoons
3/4 cup 12 Tablespoons
1 cup 16 Tablespoons
1 Pound 16 ounces
US liquid volume measurements
8 Fluid ounces 1 Cup
1 Pint 2 Cups (= 16 fluid ounces)
1 Quart 2 Pints (= 4 cups)
1 Gallon 4 Quarts (= 16 cups)
US to Metric Conversions
1/5 teaspoon 1 ml (ml stands for milliliter, one thousandth of a liter)
1 teaspoon 5 ml
1 tablespoon 15 ml
1 fluid oz. 30 ml
1/5 cup 50 ml
1 cup 240 ml
2 cups (1 pint) 470 ml
4 cups (1 quart) .95 liter
4 quarts (1 gal.) 3.8 liters
1 oz. 28 grams
1 pound 454 grams
Metric to US Conversions
1 milliliter 1/5 teaspoon
5 ml 1 teaspoon
15 ml 1 tablespoon
30 ml 1 fluid oz.
100 ml 3.4 fluid oz.
240 ml 1 cup
1 liter 34 fluid oz.
1 liter 4.2 cups
1 liter 2.1 pints
1 liter 1.06 quarts
1 liter .26 gallon
1 gram .035 ounce
100 grams 3.5 ounces
500 grams 1.10 pounds
1 kilogram 2.205 pounds
1 kilogram 35 oz.
Pan Size Equivalents
9-by-13-inches baking dish 22-by-33-centimeter baking dish
8-by-8-inches baking dish 20-by-20-centimeter baking dish
9-by-5-inches loaf pan 23-by-12-centimeter loaf pan (=8 cups or 2 liters in capacity)
10-inch tart or cake pan 25-centimeter tart or cake pan
9-inch cake pan 22-centimeter cake pan

Oven Temperature Conversions

Farenheit Celsius Gas Mark
275º F 140º C gas mark 1-cool
300º F 150º C gas mark 2
325º F 165º C gas mark 3-very moderate
350º F 180º C gas mark 4-moderate
375º F 190º C gas mark 5
400º F 200º C gas mark 6-moderately hot
425º F 220º C gas mark 7- hot
450º F 230º C gas mark 9
475º F 240º C gas mark 10- very hot

Ratios for selected foods

Measure Equivalents
1 T.
1 stick
14 grams
4 ounces=113 grams
1 Tablespoon
8 tablespoons
½ cup
4 sticks 16 ounces=452 grams 32 tablespoons 2 cups
1 lemon 1 to 3 tablespoons juice, 1 to 1½ teaspoons grated zest
4 large lemons 1 cup juice ¼ cup grated zest
1 ounce ¼ cup grated 40 grams
6 ounces chips 1 cup chips 160 grams
cocoa powder 1 cup 115 grams
Half and half ½ milk ½ cream 10.5 to 18 % butterfat
Light cream 18 % butterfat
Light whipping cream 26-30 % butterfat
Heavy cream whipping cream 36 % or more butterfat
Double cream extra-thick double cream,
Clotted or Devonshire
42 % butterfat

Measures for Pans and Dishes

Inches Centimeters
9-by-13-inches baking dish 22-by-33-centimeter baking dish
8-by-8-inches baking dish 20-by-20-centimeter baking dish
9-by-5-inches loaf pan (8 cups in capacity) 23-by-12-centimeter loaf pan (2 liters in capacity)
10-inch tart or cake pan 25-centimeter tart or cake pan
9-inch cake pan 22-centimeter cake pan


Cooking Conversion Online -I use this one all the time. It is an excellent food specific metric converter (as long as you can look past the advertisements!)

Good Basic Calculator:
Worldwide Metric – General conversion chart (not food specific)

Everything Converter:
Ask Numbers – This is a fun one as it includes things like speed, power and shoe size! The cooking calculator is not food specific.

(Not Recommended: Many food sites have a widget on their sites called the Culiverter. This calculator is not food specific which is why I do not recommend using it.

Other Posts on Measuring:

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Chef-Dezzie said:

This is very helpful, thanks!

Jon (Sacker) said:

As I have written about elsewhere on this site, cooking with weights is so much easier (but as that’s what I grew up with, I wolud say that wouldn’t I!!). The best site I know for conversions is at convert-me which is great for food as well as a host of other sorts of conversions.

Lillian said:

I love the conversion chart ! I will be using it often ! Thanks !!!

Kathy Maister said:

Thanks Lillian! My summer project is to develop every chart imaginable for cooking. Yikes! Well maybe not every chart but a really good reference for all cooks!

What charts would everyone like to see?

David said:

Hi Kathy,

If you could develop a chart that converts cup = milligrams / mililetres it would greatly help this metric user in England!

Many thanks!

Kathy Maister said:

I’ll add it to the list! :-)

Nur Aisha said:

thank you, thank you, thank you so much!!

Lex said:

This is such a huge help. I felt so dumb for not knowing how to convert my grandmother’s recipes but now I can cheat! Many thanks!

brooklyn banks said:

I love this site it helps alot with cooking!

startcooking said:

Lex, good luck recreating what I am sure are old family favorites!
BB, Thanks!

Lesa said:

Thank you!!! This was so very helpful…..I will forever be indeted to you for these converts. I will pass them on to others that need the same help I did. Keep up the WONDERFUL things you do to help us keep measuring accurately

startcooking said:

Hi Lesa, glad I could help! Measuring ingredients should not be complicated but unfortunately everyone around the world uses different measures for what ends up to be the same amount!

Peggy said:

I am trying to figue out how many teaspoons of salt would be in a 1,500 mg suggested serving? I find all answers except the one I need. Can you help??? Thanks.

startcooking said:

Hi Peggy,

1500 mg of salt is just a bit more than 1/2 teaspoon of salt.

  • 1/4 teaspoon salt = 575 mg sodium
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt = 1,150 mg sodium
  • 3/4 teaspoon salt = 1,725 mg sodium
  • 1 teaspoon salt = 2,300 mg sodium

I hope this helps!

jonathan said:

Hi,in and out of websites and really need some help with my, nutrition facts, for my jerky product.Very simple recipe and I have figured I use 1/4 teaspoon of salt in every 2oz bag.Just can’t figure the percentage,is it by the calories,which would be 232 per serving or grams which would be 46 grams.Hope you can help.Thanks

startcooking said:

Sorry Jonathan, but I really have no idea how to answer your question!
This Nutrition Data link may be able to supply you with the information you need.
Good Luck,

Carmen said:

How do I measure 1/2 pound butter?

startcooking said:

Hi Carmen,
1/2 pound of butter equals:

225 grams
1 Cup
16 Tablespoons
two sticks


Joanie said:

While trying to figure out how much salt is in a pound of butter, my label states 90 mg. per 1 Tablespoon so 1#=452 grams of salt. Then you wrote 1 tsp.=2300 mg. sodium x3=6900 mg per Tablespoon. Help!

startcooking said:

Hi Joanie,

According to the American Heart Association:

1 teaspoon SALT has 2,300 mg sodium

According to the Nutrition Facts on my container of butter:

1 Tablespoon of BUTTER has 95 mg of sodium

I hope this helps!

gloria chandler said:

my diet gives me 40g of cereal.

How do I measure this,what I have done is 4 dessertful which I hope measure 40 grams.

can you help me with this question please. I know there is a simple answer

startcooking said:

Hi Gloria,
All cereals do not weigh the same. 40g of one cereal may actually be a lot less or a lot more than what you think. In my grocery store you can buy small, single serving packets of cereal which takes the guess work out of measuring.

I think your best best might be to invest in a small food scale.

Good Luck,

Andrea Arquitt said:

The answer to Jonathan’s question about salt in his recipe–for labeling purposes the amount of sodium is listed as a percent of daily reccomdations which is 2300 mg/d for adults. Sodium is 39% of the weight of salt (sodium chloride). So you convert the measure of salt into milligrams of salt and then calculate the sodium content. One teaspoon is approximately 5 grams or 5000 milligrams.

Diana said:

how do i mesure 3/4 teaspoon of salt



startcooking said:

1/4 teaspoon + 1/2 teaspoon = 3/4 teaspoon

ankit said:

Hi Kathy,

This is the best site i have ever found for cooking…… i m a hotel management student and your site helps me a lot.


lynzen mendoza said:

How many cups are there in a kilogram?

startcooking said:

Hi Lynzen, Click here:Metric Conversions
Good Luck!

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