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How to Cook Asparagus

posted in Vegetables and Beans by Kathy Maister

Asparagus with Guy Kawasaki’s Teriyaki Chicken

For dinner at home, with or without company, I like to serve asparagus because fresh asparagus can get cleaned, trimmed and steamed in the microwave in less than 10 minutes. I steam the “spears” just to the point where they are tender but still have a bite to them. Then I just add a sprinkle of salt, pepper, and sometimes a squeeze of fresh lemon juice, and the asparagus is ready to serve.

Buy asparagus that has nice bright green stalks and doesn’t look dry or shriveled. Depending on the season, you can buy asparagus that is pencil thin or stalks that are three times thicker than a pencil! I prefer slightly thicker stalks which I then peel. Many years ago my old friend Roger Bennet (from London, Montreal and St Remy) taught me the peeling trick. (See below.)

Asparagus is sold by the bunch. There are approximately 14-18 spears of asparagus per bunch. Count on about 3 to 5 spears per serving.

Make only what you are going to eat for dinner. Asparagus cooks really fast in the microwave so there is no point in making enough for leftovers.

If you are not going to use it immediately, wrap it tightly in plastic wrap and store it in the refrigerator. It should keep about 3-4 days.


Wash one bunch of asparagus under cool running water.

Trim away the bottom 1/3 of the stalk. The tip of the asparagus is very tender, but the farther down you go on the stalk, the tougher it gets.

If you bend the asparagus it will naturally snap at the point where it goes from tender to tough (which is usually about 1/3 of the stalk).

Leslie demonstrates this method in’s post on Roasted Asparagus with Garlic Sauce.

You can now use the new shorter “broken” asparagus as a guide to cut the rest of the bunch.

Peel the stalks so that they are the same width as the tip. This ensures even cooking. Really thin stalks of asparagus do not need peeling.

Lay the asparagus two to three deep in a rectangular dish.

Add one Tablespoon of water.

Cover the dish with plastic wrap. Leave a small vent in the corner for steam to escape. (This also helps the plastic wrap from almost shrink wrapping itself over the asparagus. When that happens it’s a lot harder to remover the plastic wrap. (Be careful not to get burnt from the hot steam!)

Set the microwave on high heat and cook the asparagus about 2 minutes and 30 seconds. If you want your asparagus to be more tender, cook it for another 30 seconds or so.

Be sure not to overcook asparagus. Overcooked asparagus not only turns to mush, but it develops into a very unappealing shade of green.

Asparagus is great served either hot or cold. If you are going to be serving it cold you need to get the cooked spears cooled off quickly or they will loose their bright green color. You can either put the hot spears in a bowl of ice water…

…or in a colander and run cold water over the spears.

For more tips on blanching vegetables check out Keep it Fresh: Learn How to Blanch.



(Makes 3-4 servings)

  • One bunch of asparagus
  • 1 Tablespoon of water
  • Salt and Pepper

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will said:

What`s your favorite sauce to pour over aparagus, Kathy ? My mom would make a mayonaise with herbs and mix the mayo with beaten eggwhites to make a kindof moussy mayo delight. Not for calorie counters !

Jon Sacker said:

For me the best sauce for asparagus has to be just some soft butter which melts into an oozing mess around the spears and then a little turn of finely ground black pepper.

English asapragus is wonderful. It only has a short season, but whne it’s fresh and new – it just can’t be beaten.

Kathy Maister said:

If I’m eating asparagus at home I like it cold, with just salt, pepper and lemon juice. My most favorite *brunch at a restaurant* dish is Eggs Benedict with asparagus. The low calorie asparagus justifies all that hollandaise sauce!

Natalie Westlake said:

Good Day

My husband and I were wondering about the stems ,it seems to be a waste to throw out and we were wondering if I cut just the bottom of them off can we eat the rest of the stem and of course the vegetable it self.

Kathy Maister said:

Hi Natalie, Yes by all means eat the stems! If they are thick I would peel them first. The stems will take a bit longer to cook than the more delicate tops. Enjoy!

Mia W. said:

Although it involves the same prep work, a very easy, quick, but amazingly delicious way I’ve found to prepare asparagus is roasting.
Just drizzle some olive oil over the asparagus and distribute evenly. Then place in the oven (set to broil) on a non-stick pan. Allow the asparagus to get ‘crispy’, remove, and while still hot, squeeze a lemon over the top and season with Kosher salt.

Kathy Maister said:

Hi Mia, what a great way to cook asparagus! Quick and easy and it sounds delicious! Thanks for sharing!

letti said:

hello! thank you for your very informative step by step guide. i’d never cooked asparagus before and so this was extremely helpful.

Kathy Maister said:

Hi Letti, glad to be of help! Asparagus is so good, hot or cold! Cheers!

Ken said:

I didn’t know how to cook asparagus correctly, in the past I cooked it in salted water,…which really wasn’t successful, but after reading I can microwave them for 2 1/2 minutes I thought I would try. this method. I made a Bearnaise sauce and added a small chopped onion (fried) and then a small tomato (fried),mixed them with the sauce , heated for a couple of minutes and then served over red salmon fillets and the asparagus. It was a delicious combination.

Kathy Maister said:

WoW! Ken you really do know your way around the kitchen! Your Bernaise sauce sounds wonderful! For those of you who do not know what a Bernaise sauce is, click here!

LB said:

thanks for this! helped me with a last minute request for fresh asparagus for thansgiving

Natalie said:

Dear Kathy

Let me Thank You Very Much For yr suggustions on the stems we now enjoy the whole veg.

Kathy Maister said:

LB and Natalie-I’m delighted to be of help! Years ago, my old friend Roger taught me the peeling trick with asparagus. The whole stem gets cooked evenly and there is very little waste!

Rachel said:

I cook it with a little bit of butter, lemon juice, and seasoned salt. It’s absolutely wonderful!

Kathy Maister said:

I’m with you Rachel! Easy and delicious!

Alessandra said:

Place the cooked asparagus in a pan with butter, top with grated parmesan; add and egg to the side an fry it sunny side up.

This is an italian way of serving asparagus.

j.p said:

I put asparagus in a plastic bag and add italian to coat them evenly and cook in the oven for 10-15 minutes.

Kathy Maister said:

Alessandra, and j.p, these are perfect suggestions for startcooking – Thanks!

j.p – What do you set the oven temperature at?

j.p said:

i set it to 350 usually.

c6 said:

I grill asparagus all the time. Toss it with olive oil and a finely-ground seasoned salt (I use Adobo with lemon). Put on a hot grill, turn after 2-3 minutes. That’s it!

Alan said:

Seems too many ways to cook asparagus , the important thing is to add some thing to remove the bitter (a bit) .Most of the Chinese may add some oyster sauce to make it perfect.

Justin said:

Sounds good! I though cooking fresh asparagus was going to be more difficult.

Kathy Maister said:

Steaming fresh vegetables in the microwave is a really quick and healthy way to add a bit of green on your dinner plate!

Maile said:

Green Asparagus I love baked with lemon and pepper. White Asparagus I love boiled with Hollander sauces. Absolutely wonderful! enjoy

Yurop said:

Incredible how the US can mess up cooking.

Asparagus is to be cooked on a stove, with the stalks tied in a bundle so they stand up on their own. You’re supposed so put them in water so that the tips are not immersed in water. This prevent overcooking of the tops but assures that the bottoms are well-cooked. Somewhere in Europe they even sell a specific boiler for this purpose, with a small enough diameter so that tieing is not necessary.

Enjoy and please stop eating trans fats like crazy :)

Kathy Maister said:

Yurop, Thank-you for sharing your method of cooking asparagus. Standing the asparagus up, tied or in a special pot, is just one of the many different ways you can cook asparagus. Peeling the asparagus, so that the stalk is the same thickness as the tip, ensures even cooking. If the stalks are all really thin to begin with, then it is not necessary to peel the asparagus.

Hillary said:

Another good thing to add is balsamic ving. dressing. It adds a great flavor.

Kathy Maister said:

Hillary you are so right! In fact we just did a post on How to Use Balsamic Vinegar. (Everyone should keep in mind that it has a really strong flavor so you only need a few drops!)

Kirsty said:

What is the best food to accompany asparagus as I’ve never made this before. My boyfriend suggested it with hollandaise sauce which I bought, so whats the next step please.

Kathy Maister said:

Hi Kirtsy,

Everyone has a favorite way to serve asparagus!
Hollandaise Sauce is classic but there are so many more choices as you can see by the comments above.

Will started us off with a snazzy mayo

Jon - butter and black pepper

I like salt and pepper and lemon juice

Ken included his Bearnaise Sauce

Allessandra adds shaves parmesan cheese and a fried egg

Hillary likes asparagus with balsamic vinegar

JP like Italian dressing

C6 uses sea salt and grills the asparagus

Mia broils it with oil and lemon juice

Alain like asparagus with oyster sauce

Maile bakes it with lemon and pepper

Amy Lemaniak said:

If we are going to grill the asparagus, should we blanche it first? Just lightly coat it witih olive oil when we grill it? What do you suggest?

Kathy Maister said:

Hi Amy, no it is not necessary to blanch asparagus before grilling it. It will cook up in no time! I have discovered you can also fry it in a pan with just a bit of oil and it come out beautifully!

Jenny G said:

I discovered I loved asparagus when I had it grilled and drizzled with melted butter and garlic. I began experimenting and I think I have tried almost every way mentioned here. I usually just put some oil and freshly minced garlic in a pan and cook it all in the same pan for abot 3 min. Sometimes I sprinkle fresh parm cheese, bacon, or almonds over the asparagus. My very favorite way is to wrap it in bacon and garlic and bake for 20 min. =) I love asparagus!

Kathy Maister said:

Jenny that sounds wonderful! Cooking the garlic is the key for me. I find raw garlic has too much of a “bite” and the garlic breath afterwards is a killer!

MrsDM said:

I do the ol’ “snap the ends off” routine, ’cause that’s how I was taught – and I do not peel the thicker stalks…

I like to steam mine on the stovetop – I have a collapsible steamer basket that fits nicely into my dutch oven. I add about 1/2″ of water, then add the asparagus. Bring it to a boil, cover, lower to a simmer for about 15 mins. Check for desired doneness. I then remove them to a container, add butter & a bit of salt, put the lid on and gently toss it a bit to coat. (Not too hard, tho – ya knock of the tips!)

Thanx for all these variations – hubby & I are gonna try a few… sounds de-lish !!

Kathy Maister said:

Wow! 15 minutes sounds like an awful long time to steam asparagus! Is it standing up when you cook it?

Dana said:

I have never cooked asparagus, but am planning on trying it for the first time tomorrow. Thanks for all the great ideas.

Kathy Maister said:

That’s great Dana! Be sure not to over cook the asparagus. It should be “tender-crisp” and not mushy.

mahini said:

thanks for these delicious recipe comments …

Kathy Maister said:

Thanks Mahini!
I really love that you can serve asparagus either hot or cold – and it is great either way!

Suzette Thompson said:

Hey!!! some of us like it mushy… like me.. i prefer it so that it melts in my mouth. I guess that makes me weird.

Svetlana said:

Thank’s for recipes ,is easy to follow every step and very helpful.I have never cooked asparagus but I want to try.I’m from Romania and here asparagus is not in everyday menu is more “wow,what is this?”…Ha.Have a nice day everybody.

Liz Hill said:

Thank you for your cooking suggestion! I’ve always loved asparagus but have never made it because I thought it would be hard to make. But now, with your instructions, I got some asparagus today and I can’t wait to make it! :-)



Kathy Maister said:

Asparagus is indeed a GREAT vegetable! I love it served either hot or cold!

Fran said:

Rather than cut off ends try snapping them off as the tough part will come away and you won’t waste any tender part or fail to remove any tough part. Also the tough parts chopped and added to a vegetable stock really help give great taste if you want to make a risotto with asparagus, don’t throw them away. I love warm asparagus drizzled with good olive oil and a litttle melted butter and freshly grated parmesan….angel food!

Jessica said:

Hello Fran,

Thanks for those tips on cooking asparagus! Grated parmesan is a great topping idea.


Kathy Maister said:

Hi Fran,
Your risotto sounds great!
I find peeling thick asparagus to work better than snapping. Either way, asparagus is one of my favorite vegetables.

cleaning business said:

I just bend the stalk till it snaps. It’s more fun than cutting them all the same size.

Kathy said:

hollandaise sauce is also very good with asparagus

class cook said:

I look for uniform, thin stalks when I buy; and try to wait for the price to be reasonablely low, in season in the spring is best since its local. I’m with MrsDM, I use a steamer basket in a large pot and simply lay the asperagus in the basket. I add it after the water boils and cook 3-5 minutes. I like asperagus too much to want to peal it. Finely minced garlic sauted in butter is my favorite addition but there are many other recipes that are good too. I will try some of those above. Thanks!

Danielle said:

This was my first time cooking asperagus and they came out great! 2 1/2 minutes in the micro – who knew! Thanks!

startcooking said:

Congratulations Danielle!

It’s just that easy and just that quick!


sanaa said:

Hi this asparagus recipe is simple and easy! Thank you for making it sooooooooooooo easy! I think my mom would love it! I am wondering? Again THANK YOU for making it so easy!
Warm Regards in this cold weather,
P.S. Happy New Year

Nick said:

i have tried alot of different ways of cooking them. my favorite is to make a cheese sauce witch i add a twist to it with some red cooking wine(2 tble spoons) and diced red pepper. i also use just a small amount of pepper jack cheese about 3 tablespoons. it have a nice little snip to it. its fun to experiment with different cheese.

startcooking said:

Hi Nick, I love the idea of adding the diced red pepper! Thanks for the tip.

Rob said:

Is it true that Asparagus is high in Anti-Oxidents and can prevent & even Cure some Cancers?

startcooking said:

Hi Rob,
There are many nutritional benefits in asparagus but on its own it does not cure cancer.
Wouldn’t it be wonderful if it did!

Katie P said:

Thanks for the great advice on asparagus cooking! During the summer I love to mix olive oil, lime juice, and a couple tbsp of Hidden Valley Ranch Dip mix in the pouch.. Then toss all together in a ziplock bag and let sit in the fridge for 30 minutes and put on a hot grill.. Oh, I can’t wait for summer :)

startcooking said:

Hi Katie,
What a great idea! Talk about a flavor explosion!
Thanks for sharing :)

britney said:

hey kathy!

i was struggling so much with finding something to go with my valentines steak recipe…but heres the answer! i never thought of asparagus, but it will go so well and be delicious!

thanx for all the tips, im an asparagus cooking virgin, wish me luck :]

xx britney xx

startcooking said:

Good Luck Britney! Just remember not to over cook your asparagus.

Clayton said:

My favorite way of cooking asparagus is to place them in a dish, pour olive oil over them, then sprinkle pepper and Kosher salt over them, then toss until evenly coated. Either grill them on a bbq or a grill pan on the stove for about 4-5 minutes depending on the thickness. You want them to have a little crunch when you bite into them, you don’t want them to be really wilted.

startcooking said:

Hi Clayton,
Great recipe! Cooking asparagus in a fry pan is so much less time consuming than roasting it in the oven. Thanks for sharing!

LeAnn said:

thanks so much for the help on this asparagus. My hubby just asked me for this and I had never cooked it in my life, I personally hate it. One of those things my father forced me to eat as a kid and cannot go that route again…But I will gladly cook it for him. How easy!

Anonymous said:

brad said:

you can stand the asparagus up in a small sause pan with water.. and cook for 10 minutes. then lay them down for the last 5 minutes of cooking .. this way the ends don’t get soft and mushy. a bit of butter and salt.. don’t make cooking hard than it is .. thanks..

penny said:

thank you, thank you, thank you Kathy, i love the stuff and could never cook it properly well guess what, tonight i eat asparagus….did i say thank you…

startcooking said:

Your are most welcome Penny! Good luck developing your cooking skills.

christian said:

I just came across your site when browsing the web for new recipes.
Here in Austria, white asparagus is far more popular than the green variety. An old-fashioned, but still common way with asparagus is serving it “à la polonaise”: melt two knobs (walnut size) of butter in a non-stick pan over medium heat. When melted, add 2-3 tbsp of stale, white breadcrumbs and fry, stirring constantly, until the breadcrumbs turn golden brown in colour. The mixture should be rather runny, so you might need to adjust the quantitiy of butter or breadcrumbs a little bit. Pour over the hot, cooked asparagus spears and top with some finely chopped, hard-boiled egg.
Give it a try!

startcooking said:

Thanks Christian – your recipe sounds delicious!

White asparagus is usually MUCH more expensive than green asparagus here in the USA.

Susan said:

We cooked it standing up as Yurop suggested, and I just kept poking it with a fork periodically in the pan to make sure it didn’t get too soft. A lady from my church suggested hummus. I dipped the asparagus in hummus like you do a french fry in ketchup. Wow, was it tasty! I’m glad for this site because I would have not known what to do with it after I bought it. It was really easy to prepare :)

startcooking said:

I love fresh vegetables with hummus! It is a wonderful summer snack or lunch.

serra said:

I love white asparagus, as thick as they come. I snap off the ends, peel them, then steam them or boil them standing up in water (don’t immerse the heads!. Then the best thing…

Get some really scrummy yummy good ham and drape over the asparagus (in the middle so you can still see the ends sticking out), pour over some Hollandaise sauce or melted butter, and top with a hard-boiled egg that you crumble between your fingers. I think this is the French way of serving them. Eat with some baby new potatoes. Not so good if you’re on a diet, but definately worth putting on a pound for!

I’m sure it works with green asparagus as well!

josephine said:

finally i have tips on how to cook asparagus ,thank you all so much ,all of you have a wonderful day.

Cindy said:

Good info. I have never cooked it in the microwave but will give it a try. Thanks

mic from Florida said:

You may find a surprise if you search “the truth about cooking with a microwave”. The short of it, microwave cooking changes food chemically that your body does not recognize it as a food and so can hang around in your body. PLEASE don’t take my word for this. Look it up for your safety. Some countries ban them. No Joke!

corn said:

I have never cooked asparagus before in my life, I stumbled across this page and I’m glad I did. Quite underrated is the old asparagus, now I have have 3 green vegetables that go quite nicely with my prime rib. Thanks Kathy!

Rajib said:

Thanks – this is a great site to learn how to cook!

Carol said:

I love asparagus too. We roast it with a little olive oil and salt and white pepper. After it is done we just drizzle a small amount of balsamic vinegar over it. Tastes great. We also love to grill it with just a little olive oil and salt and pepper.

bishop said:

Thanks for the directions. i look forward to cooking my first batch tomorrow. Now if i can only get my wife to eat it. lol

qbcsoft said:

Thank you so much! This site has great content. Keep it up.

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